Europe was created by history. America was created by philosophy.I saw this in response to a link to Professor Victor David Hanson's recent piece on "The New Old Europe".
Lady Margaret Thatcher
Like clockwork every few decades, some self-described European "visionaries" swear that the continent can either live in peace under utopian protocols or, more darkly, be united under one grand -- and undemocratic -- system, willingly or not. But for all the noble pretensions of the Congress of Vienna or the European Union -- or the nightmarish spread of Napoleon's Continental System and the Third Reich -- and for all the promises of European-born fascism, communism and socialism, the result is always the same: disunion, acrimony and infighting.I like the way Professor draws an equivalence between Bonaparte's Continental System and the Third Reich. Bonaparte had a better PR Firm.
That schizophrenia is what we should expect from dozens of cultures and histories squeezed into too small a continent full of lots of bright -- and quite proud -- people. Every new Europe always ends up as old Europe.
Regards — Cliff